Scotland's forests been vital to the development and sustenance of settlements, industries and communities. throughout history, to the present day.

Over 25,000 archaeological features lie in or around Scotland's woodlands. There are colourful, incredible and tragic tales - from the ice age to the 20th Century.

Many of these stories still resonate. They tell us how important it is to manage our natural resources well, and the importance of diversification.

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Forests and historic environment: information and advice (PDF 5.5Mb)

A summary of what forest and woodland managers should consider in relation to the historic environment

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Scotland’s woodlands and the historic environment (PDF 5.2Mb)

This document outlines how the forestry sector can tap into this rich cultural heritage and help develop historic sites - including designed landscapes and ancient woodlands.

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Archaeological measured survey on Scotland's National Forest Estate (PDF 9.4Mb)

This fully illustrated archaeological booklet presents the results of recent archaeological measured survey work across Scotland’s National Forest Estate. The publication aims to showcase the range of work that we commission – and to highlight the benefits of such surveys in supporting sustainable conservation management. The sites range from Neolithic stone circles to the coastal defences of WWII - and the surveys include some pioneering developments.


Identifying the historic environment in Scotland's woodlands and forests (PDF 5MB)

This practice guide aims to help forestry and woodland managers when considering the archaeology and historic environment in their stewardship. It provides an accessible introduction to exploring 'archaeology in the field', illustrating and describing many of the more common archaeological features.

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Historic Environment Resource Guide for forest and woodland managers in Scotland (PDF 4.8MB)

This resource guide has been designed as a route map to the information and advice available to forest and woodland managers in regard to the historic environment, primarily in support of the UK Forestry Standard (UKFS) Guidelines on Forests and Historic Environment.


Managing the historic environment case studies - helping managers deliver best practice (PDF 6.2MB)

These case studies highlight examples of best practice conservation management over a wide range of archaeological sites and historic landscapes and showcase the potential that the historic environment can play within Forest Plans.


Conserving and managing trees and woodlands in Scotland's designed landscapes (PDF 5.72MB)

This fully illustrated practice guide provides essential information on the effective stewardship of trees and woodlands in a designed landscape.

Starting with a succinct review of the historic periods of design styles, the guidance section provides practical information on how all the tree elements can be conserved and managed.